The BBC television quiz A Question of Sport includes a round in which the panellists are shown a clip from a sporting event and are invited to guess what happened next.
Here’s one for you: from a game played recently at Richmond Junior Chess Club. It’s Black’s move.
You probably guessed correctly: Black played Qxf3, losing his queen, and eventually the game, to a knight fork.
There’s a level at which children have achieved a basic competence. They learn to look for their opponent’s threats and to check that they’re not moving their piece to an unsafe square. At this level it’s all too easy to make a mistake of this nature. There are several ways in which this might happen. Moving a key defender. Moving a pinned piece. Blocking a line of defence. Or, in this case, moving into a fork. It’s fatally easy for Black (who is a queen for a knight ahead after his opponent overlooked a simple threat) to see the pawn on f3, check that it’s not defended, and capture it without further thought.
The extra step children have to learn to take is to ask themselves “If I play that move, what will my opponent do next?”, or, to put it another way, they have to learn to look ahead. Once they can do that they’re on their way to becoming real chess players.
The same small batch of games included two other similar examples.
In this position, White, a pawn up, continued with 23. f4 exf4, and, without thinking any further, played the automatic recapture 24. Rxf4, resigning after the subsequent knight fork. Again, at this level it’s so easy to do this, to assume a move is safe because your piece is immune from immediate capture.
This was played on the same day as the previous example. The player of the black pieces was the same as well, but this time he met with a different fate.
Black has to decide where to move his queen. Without examining the consequences he moved to d6, again walking into a knight fork. You could also see this as Black only noticing one of his opponent’s two threats – another frequent type of mistake at this level.
So there you have it. If your chess students want to play competitively they have to learn to ask themselves the question “If I do that, what happens next?” before they make their move. It’s easy for many older learners to realise what they’re doing wrong and self-correct, but not so easy for younger learners, who will need help with this. Not so much a question of sport as a question of thought.