Chess is all about pattern recognition and today I am going to talk about a typical attacking method on the castled king with the bishop sacrifice on h7 or h2. Yes, that’s the Greek gift sacrifice. In the following discussion what I will try to explain is when there are more chances that you will succeed with the attack and when the Greek gift fails.
Ideal Conditions for the Greek Gift
- Absence of the natural defender (knight)
- Stable center
- Availability of g5/g4 square for your knight or Possibility of opening up the h file.
- Pawn on e5/e4
If the majority of these conditions have been fulfilled then you must calculate deeply to check if it works. Here are some illustrative games:
Normally when the defending side is able to defend the h7 square then the Greek Gift. Here is a game which illustrates this:
These are general points that can help assess whether the sacrifice might work, but of course concrete calculations are needed before taking the plunge.